Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Research <p><em><strong>Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Research (JOAPR),</strong> <strong>ISSN No. 2348-0335</strong></em> is an official publication of Creative Pharma Assent (CPA). It is an open access, peer reviewed online Journal. JOAPR primarily focuses on publication of manuscript related to multiple disciplines of pharmaceutical sciences (Pharmaceutics, Pharmaceutical Technology, Biopharmaceutics, Cosmetic Technology, Pharmacokinetics, Pharmaceutical/Medicinal Chemistry, Computational Chemistry and Molecular Drug Design, Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Herbal drugs/ formulations, Pharmacology, Pharmaceutical Analysis, Pharmacy Practice, Clinical and Hospital Pharmacy). JOAPR is published quarterly. JOAPR also includes evaluation of pharmaceutical excipients &amp; their practical application to research &amp; industry based efforts. The aim of the scientific journal, JOAPR is to present a wide area for the current researchers to share their noble works and ideas in terms of the research papers, review articles and short communications. JOAPR only publishes original research works with a definite innovation and novelty after thorough plagiarism checking and peer reviewing. The paper must have a suitable and proper scientific background.</p> <p><strong>Brief Information about JOAPR</strong></p> <ul> <li><strong>Journal Title: </strong>Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Research</li> <li><strong>Journal Abbreviation: </strong>J. Appl. Pharm. Res.</li> <li><strong>Publisher: </strong>Creative Pharma Assent</li> <li><strong>Country: </strong>India</li> <li><strong>Language: </strong>English</li> <li><strong>Publishing Frequency: </strong>Quarterly</li> <li><strong>Editor In Chief:</strong> Prof. Amit Roy</li> <li><strong>Editorial Office: </strong>Plot No. 105/42, Opposite electricity sub station, Changorabhata, Raipur (CG) 492001, India</li> <li><strong>Regional Office:</strong> Bishnupath, Rukminigoan, Dispur, Guwahati, Assam, PIN-781022</li> <li><strong>Phone: </strong>+91-8349444385 ; +91-9770019143</li> <li><strong>E-mail: </strong> ;</li> <li><strong>Website: </strong></li> <li><strong>Publication: </strong>Online only</li> <li><strong>e-ISSN: </strong>2348-0335</li> <li><strong>CODEN: </strong>JAPRIV</li> <li><strong>Year of Start: </strong>2013</li> <li><strong>Review Process</strong><strong>: </strong>Double-blind peer review</li> </ul> Creative Pharma Assent en-US Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Research 2348-0335 <p>In submitting an article to Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Research (JOAPR) I certify that:</p> <ol> <li>I am authorized by my co-authors to enter into these arrangements.</li> <li>I warrant, on behalf of myself and my co-authors, that:</li> </ol> <ul> <li>the article is original, has not been formally published in any other peer-reviewed journal, is not under consideration by any other journal and does not infringe any existing copyright or any other third party rights;</li> <li>I am/we are the sole author(s) of the article and have full authority to enter into this agreement and in granting rights to JOAPR are not in breach of any other obligation;</li> <li>the article contains nothing that is unlawful, libellous, or which would, if published, constitute a breach of contract or of confidence or of commitment given to secrecy;</li> <li>I/we have taken due care to ensure the integrity of the article. To my/our - and currently accepted scientific - knowledge all statements contained in it purporting to be facts are true and any formula or instruction contained in the article will not, if followed accurately, cause any injury, illness or damage to the user.</li> </ul> <ol> <li>I, and all co-authors, agree that the article, if editorially accepted for publication, shall be licensed under the <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License</a></li> <li>I, and all co-authors, agree that, if the article is editorially accepted for publication in Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Research (JOAPR) data included in the article shall be made available under the <a href="">Creative Commons 1.0 Public Domain Dedication waiver</a>, unless otherwise stated. For the avoidance of doubt it is stated that sections 1, 2, and 3 of this license agreement shall apply and prevail.</li> </ol> Outbreak of COVID-19 in India and high risk of cluster containment: a case study <p>This case study focuses on outbreak of COVID-19 in India and world. This will be beneficial to analyze globally rising COVID-19 cases as well as in India in assessment with other 15 countries which have highly suffered due to this pandemic. This analysis will be useful to predict the number of cases at this month end and lockdown days required to combat COVID-19 in India</p> Sachin K. Bhosale Nirmala V. Shinde Copyright (c) 2020 Sachin K. Bhosale, Nirmala V. Shinde 2020-06-29 2020-06-29 8 2 01 07 Calendula officinalis and Echinacae purpurae as antimicrobial agent <p>Microorganisms includes viruses, bacteria, protozoan, fungi and algae. The potential sources of microbes includes soil, water, atmosphere, plants, animals etc., of which, soil is the No. 1 concern for microbes. They mainly cause infections in respiratory tract, gastro intestinal tract, urogenital tract, skin etc. The repeated intake of antibiotics against these infections leads to many adverse effects like antimicrobial resistance, which creates an urge for the society to depend on medicinal plants. Homeopathic medicine is considered as a complementary systems of medicine, which uses lower doses of plants, animals and inorganic substances to cure ailments and many of these homeopathic tinctures possess antimicrobial activity. This article reviews on antimicrobial property of <em>Calendula officinalis</em> and <em>Echinacae purpurae </em>mother tinctures and concludes that these two tinctures can be regarded as promising antimicrobial agents as they contain some phytochemical constituents responsible for the prevention of microbial growth</p> Jyotisree G. Sruthi R. C. R. Biju Amita S. Menon Copyright (c) 2020 G. Jyotisree, R. Sruthi, C. R. Biju, Amita S. Menon 2020-06-29 2020-06-29 8 2 08 12 A comparative evaluation of Ficus religiosa with Ficus species for its anti-inflammatory activity: a review <p>Herbal medicine is one of the oldest forms in medical treatment. Through various studies it was known that medicinal herbs are used for treating inflammatory disorders in traditional medicine. Inflammation is the body’s process of opposing against the foreign particles that harm it, such as infections, injuries etc. The work aims to compare the anti-inflammatory action of extracts of various <em>Ficus species</em> using Carrageenan induced hind paw oedema method and cotton pellet granuloma method. Literature surveys have been done to check the extent of anti-inflammatory activity on extracts of various plant parts like roots, leaves, barks, fruits etc. of <em>Ficus species</em> with oral administration of different doses. As a result, the leaf extract of plant <em>Ficus religiosa</em> have found to be greater effect compared to other <em>Ficus species</em>. Thus, the review may conclude that the anti-inflammatory effect of <em>Ficus religiosa </em>extract is more potent than other <em>Ficus species</em></p> C. R. Biju G. Jyotisree Amita S. Sruthi R. Copyright (c) 2020 2020-06-29 2020-06-29 8 2 13 16 Investigation of mindfulness & job of guardians in their child's oral prosperity & brushing framework <p><strong>Background:</strong>&nbsp;Childhood dental caries is a significant wellbeing worry in kids that keep on contrarily influence the oral wellbeing. Oral wellbeing in children’s assumes a key job as it sets out the establishment for sound lasting teeth. This investigation was done to evaluate the mindfulness level of guardians about the children's oral health. <strong>Methods</strong>: A cross-sectional survey study was directed among 150 guardians with children’s' answering to private dental school. In this examination, the guardians of kids’ children than 5–15 years were approached to fill the pre-tried questioner directed survey and the information were classified. <strong>Results:</strong>&nbsp;It was seen that constrained members knew about the oral soundness of preschool children. About 34% of guardians have information identified with brushing procedures and oral maladies. Just 36% of guardians have general mindfulness identified with children's oral wellbeing, significance of standard dental exam, and investigation of kid's oral hole. This examination unmistakably uncovers that there is an absence of information and mindfulness identified with significance of children's oral wellbeing. <strong>Conclusion:</strong>&nbsp;Our outcomes demonstrate that guardians who would be advised to information in regards to oral wellbeing, their children’s were having altogether lesser tooth rot. The job of guardians is exceptionally huge, however almost 50% of the guardians don't direct their children’s for brushing and keeping up great oral cleanliness. Ordinary dental exams by organizing dental camps in schools and teaching the children’s and guardians about oral cleanliness will improve the circumstance.</p> Moidul Islam Judder Faruk Alam Mohidul Islam Copyright (c) 2020 Moidul Islam Judder, Dr. Faruk Alam, Mohidul Islam 2020-06-29 2020-06-29 8 2 17 21